Lynching in America

The number of violent acts against African Americans accelerated during the first quarter of the twentieth century. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) began compiling lynching statistics in 1912, thirty years after the Chicago Tribune and twenty years after the Tuskegee Institute started tracking such crimes. In November 1922, the NAACP ran full page ads in newspapers pressing for the passage of the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill. Entitled “The Shame of America,” the ad laid out the shocking statistics of lynching from 1899 through 1922. The bill was passed by a two-to-one majority in the House of Representatives but was defeated in the Senate. A few years later, the NAACP issued the statistics as a broadside. Entitled “For the Good of America,” it encouraged citizens to “aid the organization which has been fighting for ten years to wipe out our shame.” Despite the NAACP’s vigorous efforts through the 1930s and the introduction of several subsequent bills, the US Congress never outlawed lynching.

Lynching in America

Why was it impossible to pass a law in Congress outlawing lynching?

Which of the arguments in the NAACP broadsheet are most effective? Explain your response.

Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

“New” Immigration

This song is from a movie called “An American Tail” (1986).  The film is about Fievel Mouskewitz and his family as they immigrate from Russia to the United States in search of freedom.  They are a part of the wave of “new” immigration during the Gilded Age.  The scene below takes place on the boat to America.  Watch the clip and consider the following questions.

 

What does this song suggest about the issues affecting “new” immigrants?  How did these issues shape their decision to immigrate?  (Consider that the scene represents multiple nationalities.)

Remembering the Presidents

Use this video to help you remember the order of the presidents.  The lyrics (and translation is below).  He’s made it so that the names of the presidents have the same number of syllables as the number of terms they served.

“Washy Ad Jeffy” lyrics with translation

Washy Ad Jeffy (Washington, Adams, Jefferson)
Maddy Monroe (Madison, Monroe)
Ad Jackson Van Har (John Q. Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, William H. Harrison)
Ty Po Tay Fill Pear (Tyler, Polk, Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce)
Bu Lincoln John Grant too (Buchanan, Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Grant)
Hayes Gar-thur and Cleve (Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland’s first term)
Harr Cleve and McKin (Benjamin Harrison, Cleveland’s second term, McKinley)
Roosevelt Taft (Theodore Roosevelt, Taft)
Wilson Hard Coolidge (Wilson, Harding, Coolidge)
Hoov Franklin Roosevelt Truman Ikey (Hoover, Franklin Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower)
Ken Johnson Nixon Ford Cart Reagan Bush (Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George HW Bush)
Clinton Dubya (Clinton, George W. Bush)

And maybe you someday
And if you do they’ll say
What a fine president you made

How did the Lowell mills stop their energy?

By Lixsed G.

Actually, it’s very quiet simple how they stop the water, but first you must know about the Lowell Mills. Ok, so the Lowell Mills where water-power textile factories that employed women that would be built along the Merrimack River in canals. The Lowell Mills work by having huge water wheels underneath or beside them, that provided the power for spinning and weaving.

Dose having a river as your power sources meant that you keep running it into the night, because rivers only go one way and you can’t really stop the river? No, not true, the mills had a special wayto solve that problem. They used sluice gates to control the amount and power of the water that was reaching the wheel. A sluice gate is not what it sounds like – sadly it is not a gate that can slice juice – it is a gate that usually falls down but can slide out to stop and/or slow down the water. They where ten sluice gates^3 in which control the power from the river in the Lowell Mills.

The picture on the left is a mill from Scotland^2 though it’s very much like the same design http://www.aboutscotland.co.uk/water/mill.gif that Lowell used. You could easily see in this diagram that if the sluice gate was brought down the water would stop e.i. slowing down production or stopping the factory entirely

To read more about how the Lowell’s Mills work or the layout of the system check out the third citation, also there is an easier understanding diagram on how the sluice works in the second page of the first citation.

Citations

  1. “THE REVOLUTION CAME BY WATER!” http://www.nauticalarchaeologysociety.org. N.p., n.d. Web. <www.nauticalarchaeologysociety.org/projects/pdfs/revolution.pdf>.
  2. “The Falls of the Clyde, New Lanark Mills.” AboutScotland. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.aboutscotland.co.uk/water/clydenl.html&gt;.
  3. “LOWELL WATER POWER SYSTEM.” PAWTUCKET GATEHOUSE, HYDRAULIC TURBINE (1985): n. pag. Asme.org. Web. <http://files.asme.org/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/5589.pdf&gt;.